Located in the state of Bihar, Rajgir is a historic site. It is located in the Nalanda district. Both Buddhism and Jainism consider Rajgir a sacred place, as this region has been linked with both Gautama Buddha and Mahavir. In the past, Rajgir was well-known for its royal clout. Tourists are drawn to religious and historical landmarks, so these are the most popular places to visit Rajgir.
Top 12 Places To Visit In Rajgir
It would be a shame to go to visit Rajgir and not see any of these places. The following are twelve such popular Rajgir tourist attractions:
- Rajgir Ropeway
The Rajgir Ropeway, which takes you to the top of Ratnagiri Hill, is regarded as the country’s oldest ropeway. The chairlift ropeway takes you to a height of about 1,000 feet above sea level, where you can take in the breathtaking panorama of Pant Wildlife Sanctuary and the majestic peaks of Udaygiri, Vaibhagiri, Songiri, and Vipalachal.
The chairlift is usually used by pilgrims from the Jain, Hindu, and Buddhist faiths, who travel to the Vishwa Shanti Stupa at the top of Ratnagiri Hill.
- Vishwa Shanti Stupa
Located on Ratnagiri Hill in Rajgir, the Vishwa Shanti Stupa is the world’s largest stupa. The four golden Buddha statues that adorn the Stupa’s four corners are made of white marble. Symbolically, Lord Buddha’s life is represented by four statues.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa, also known as the Gridhakuta, is a popular tourist places to visit in Rajgir that can be reached by ropeways. Small Japanese Buddhist Temple and large park are also located within the Stupa grounds. In addition, there’s a temple or pagoda where prayers for world peace are held. As part of the Nipponzan Myohoji’s Peace Pagodas project, it is one of 80 Peace Pagodas that have been built around the world.
Bimbisar, a powerful Magadh Emperor, commissioned the construction of the stunning Venuvana as a residence for Lord Buddha. It was Emperor Ashoka’s first gift to Lord Gautama Buddha, and it was an artificial forest and meditation sanctuary called Venuvana. There is also a monastery on the property, where Lord Buddha meditated during his lifetime.
There is a large pond with a Buddha statue in the centre, as well as a large bamboo grove and flowers. Near the Venuvan, there are a slew of hotels to choose from. You can also visit a Japanese Buddha temple on the garden’s outskirts while you’re there. You can take a stroll around the garden or just sit in one peaceful spot and enjoy the serenity of this place. Early in the morning or late at night, you can sit by the pond and meditate in the shade of the trees.
- Swarn Bhandar
These two artificial caves were carved out of a single massive rock. Jains inhabited these caves in the third or fourth centuries BC, according to inscriptions found there. As with the Barabar Caves, the first man-made caves, the main cave is rectangular in shape and has a pointed ceiling and a trapezoidal entrance.
A votive Jain stele can be found inside the main cave, which was constructed during the Mauryan era. The cave’s floor has a partial polish to it. There is a 3rd-4th century AD cave that has been largely demolished. Jain artefacts and sculptures decorate the cave’s interior walls. It’s a great place for history buffs places to visit in Rajgir.
- Makhdum Kund
At Makhdum or Makhdoom Kund there is a shrine to the Sufi saint Makhdum Shah, as well as a hot spring. This sacred kund is visited by members of both the Hindu and Muslim faiths because of its sanctity. During his 12-year sojourn in Rajgir’s forest, the saint frequented the kund on a regular basis. The kund’s water is said to be impervious to evaporation.
People come to the pond to seek the blessings of the Sufi Saint because the water is said to be blessed by some divine powers. During festivals like Eid-Ul-Fitr, Diwali, and Holi, Rajgir’s most popular tourist destination is a hive of activity. Makhdum Kund is best visited during the winter months, and you can even take an icy dip in the pond’s refreshing waters.
- Bimbisara Jail
Ajatshatru’s father, King Bimbisara, was imprisoned in this jail built inside the Ajatshatru Fort after he became king. It is one of Rajgir’s most popular tourist attractions because of its long history. During the king’s final days, he was moved to another small room in the fort so that he could see and hear Lord Buddha, who was staying there at the time.
Close to the Maniyar Math, this jail is surrounded by stone pillars and high walls. On top of the hill, you’ll see the famous Japanese Peace Pagoda as well as fascinating ruins from India’s past. Ajatshatru Fort, the Shanti Stupa, and the Cyclopean Wall are all nearby.
- Cyclopean Wall
There is a 40-kilometer stone wall enclosing Rajgir, called the Cyclopean Wall (formerly known as Rajgriha). The oldest known cyclopean masonry structure, it is a popular tourist destination in Rajgir. Jarasandh, the second ruler of the Rawani dynasty, built it to keep the city safe from invaders.
The National Monument protects this wall, but much of it has been demolished over time. It was a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 because it was constructed entirely out of massive limestone boulders, with no mortar whatsoever. The Chariot Wheel Marks and unencrypted script engravings around the Chariot Route Marks can also be seen near the Cyclopean Wall. The etchings are thought to date from the first to fifth centuries AD.
- Saptaparni Caves
It is said that the seven-leaf cave, also known as the Saptaparni Guha or the Sattapanni Guha, is the source of the name Saptaparni Caves. After Buddha’s death, the first Buddhist Council was held in this Buddhist cave, which is considered to be where Buddha spent some time before he passed away.
The Saptaparni Caves, one of Rajgir’s most popular tourist attractions, can be reached via a 40-minute uphill hike from the Lakshmi Narayan Temple’s backside. Near the caves, there are Hindu and Jain temples worth visiting. You can also relax on the natural rock platforms in the area and take in the scenery. You can experience the serenity and spirituality of the caves where Lord Buddha is said to have meditated.
- Maniyar Math
The Maniyar Math is a deep well with a small Jain temple built on top of it, located near the Swarna Bhandar. Rajgir’s Warm Water Spring is just a short walk away from this monastery. The Nirman Koop of Queen Chalanna and Sheel Bhadra was so named in Jain tradition. At one time, it was also used as a Yagna site by Buddhist monks.
The cylindrical bricks of Maniyar Math are an incredible example of the Gupta period. In memory of Naga Salibadra, who is said to have buried his treasure in the well, the well has been built in Rajgir. The excavations of 1861-62 unearthed a large number of statues. Gupta-era high stucco images of Shiva and Ganesha can also be found, in addition to numerous smaller structures constructed for religious or ritual purposes.
- Pant Wildlife Sanctuary
Located near Rajgir’s Bimbisara Jail, the Pant Wildlife Sanctuary is another popular tourist destination. It is part of the Nalanda forest division and is located in the Rajgir hills of the Gangetic Plain, which are known for their beauty. You’ll find a wide variety of plants and animals, as well as a number of ecosystem services, in the immediate area.
Ratnagiri, Vaibhavgiri, Vipulgiri, Udaygiri, and Songiri are among the Pant Wildlife Sanctuary’s five mountain ranges. The Jain and Buddha eras are represented by various illustrations and auspicious hammocks. The sanctuary is home to a variety of endangered species, including tigers, elephants, barking deer, nilgais, and sloth bears. Hiking and other adventurous activities can also be enjoyed in the sanctuary’s beautiful and scenic surroundings.
- Pandu Pokhar
The Pandu Pokhar, which dates back to the Mahabharata era, covers an area of 22 acres in Rajgir. King Pandu is said to have converted this area into a stable and a swale, which was filled with rainwater, into the present Pandu Pokhar when he invaded Rajgir (previously known as Rajgriha).
Here, you can partake in a variety of thrilling outdoor activities such as bull riding, horseback riding, skydiving, ziplining, trampolining, boating, and a bouncy for kids. This area has been transformed into an entertainment park. In this sports complex, you can play cricket, volleyball, badminton, and basketball without running out of space to practise your sport’s rules. In addition, there is a Selfie Point where you can pose for a picture with the stunning scenery. Table Tennis, Pool Table, Air Hockey, Table Soccer, and Carrom are just some of the indoor activities available.
- Chariot Wheel Marks
The Chariot Wheel Marks, which are located near the Jarasandha monuments, are thirty-foot long and deep marks on the rock. According to folklore, these marks on the chariot wheels were made by Lord Krishna’s chariot during the Mahabharata era. The speed and force of the Chariot is thought to be responsible for the indentations.
At this spot, you can see the Chariot Route Marks, which are also known as wheel marks, which makes it a popular tourist attraction in Rajgir. For the time being, historians don’t know what the engraved script is written in, but it’s estimated to date back between the 1st and 5th centuries AD.
Final Words:- It’s no surprise that Rajgir is a popular tourist destination in India, given that it’s considered sacred by Hindus, Buddhists, and Jain. A visit to Rajgir in Bihar is a must for anyone interested in learning about the ancient Indian civilizations of Lord Buddha and Mahavira.
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