Bihar is a wonderland in every sense of the word, showcasing India’s rich cultural diversity and the gentle ripple of the mighty Ganges. Tourism in Bihar has flourished as a result of the state’s diversified culture, historical significance, and geographic location.
With its peaceful Ganga, the drama of historic caves and forts, and extensive farmland and woods, Bihar deserves a place on your bucket list.
This is a great spot to see how Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism are all intertwined in one city. Since a recent surge in tourism has unearthed a slew of lesser-known attractions in Bihar, Buddhist and Jain pilgrims are not the only ones to visit.
Visitors to this abundant state have a plethora of options for sightseeing, from ancient sites lying in ruins to cutting-edge initiatives like dolphin viewing along the Ganga. So, how does it sound? Then keep reading, because it’s only getting better.
1. Nature & Beauty
A subtropical climate and a variety of weather conditions have made the natural peacefulness of Bihar attractive for travelers to experience. Both fields of rich green poppy seed plants and rolling hills with a Nepalese connection can be appreciated for their tranquillity.
Visitors to Champaran can enjoy safaris and walking tours in the area’s national parks and animal reserves.
The village of Rajgir, located on the other side of the river, has spectacular caverns that date back to the prehistoric era. The Barabar Caves cluster is one such wonder, and exploring it is a journey in and of itself.
Additionally, the gushing waterfalls in Kaimur and the dolphin reserve at Vikramshila, Bhagalpur, have made it simple for travelers to experience the best of nature.
Additionally, the state has created and preserved numerous botanical gardens and parks to allow residents and visitors alike to take advantage of the best of nature while enjoying a picnic inside city limits. There’s nothing like the natural splendor of Bihar’s lakes, rivers, and mountains.
Bihar, which shares a border with Nepal on the north and Indian states like West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh on the west, has seen a quiet heterogeneity in its cuisine culture. From “nukkad-side” pakoras to “thaalis and dinners” plated in gold, there are many delectable options to choose from.
As a result of the impact of Buddhism and Jainism, vegan and vegetarian food can be found in practically every part of this state. Everything from a Sattu Paratha cooked over an open flame to steamer-steamed dumplings will be available to answer the question, “What will I eat?”
Litti Chokha is one of the most popular dishes in Bihar, and it’s hard to argue with its popularity, given the state’s diversity. Litti Chokha is the state’s signature dish because of its rich ingredients and ghee-dipped smothering.
Bihar’s wildlife is accessible to tourists because of its abundant marine life, robust birdlife, and wide range of flora and fauna. Wildlife reserves and national parks in the state of Bihar provide habitats for a wide variety of land and marine creatures. Those are the reasons why so many nature enthusiasts flock to Bihar.
Valmiki National Park, a popular location for wildlife enthusiasts, is also home to a variety of animals, including elephants, red pandas, tigers, and Indian bison. Other areas, such as the Pant Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, have garnered numerous prizes and fellowships in the field of Animal Reserve because of their ideal conditions for wildlife.
In the last several years, the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Reserve has been added to the list as a place where dolphins can call home. In addition to being the country’s first and only dolphin observatory, this particular site allows visitors to have a close look at this magnificent species up close. You had no idea that Bihar is home to dolphins until now. Continue reading; you never know what more you’ll learn about this rural state if you don’t.
4. Birth Of Buddhism & Jainism
Bihar has long been a stop on the cultural tour because of its ties to Sanatana Dharma mythology, Buddhist stories, and the region’s long history. This state has a rich cultural heritage, thanks in part to its historical ties to the Gautama Buddha and its status as the home of Vardhamana Mahavira. The history of Jainism in Bihar may be traced back to the sixth century BC at sites like Pawapuri’s Jal Mandir and Lachaur’s Jain Mandir.
While the Mahabodhi Temple and the Bodhi Tree at Bodh Gaya have drawn many Buddhist pilgrims, other holy cities in India, such as Nalanda, Rajgir, and Vaishali, have served as the capitals of powerful empires. The voyage to Buddhist and Jainist sites is enhanced by the fact that many of them are off the usual path.
Bihar has always been a place of religious significance, and its traditions and culture reflect this. Bihar’s year-round fairs and festivals give the state a carnival-like atmosphere because of the diversity of its residents. Purification of the soul is at the heart of numerous Bihar celebrations, ranging from Buddha Purnima to the Mahamastakabhisheka Festival.
5. Historical Places
A lesser-known vacation spot, Bihar, shields you from the jostling crowd and gives additional appeal to a journey here. This state has a plethora of historical landmarks that will leave you awestruck by the craftsmanship and architecture.
Bihar, once known as “Magadha,” has hosted various kingdoms, and its outstanding historical landmarks reflect this. It is possible to visit a number of historic sites in this area, including Golghar, Sher Shah Suri Tomb, and Barabar Caves.
Exploring historically significant sites is made all the more exciting because many of them are now in ruins. The town of Bodh Gaya has a large Buddhist complex that can be explored on foot. You’ll find a variety of monuments worth photographing, from a tree under which Gautama Buddha delivered his discourses to a pagoda containing a giant-sized sculpture of Buddha. The remains of Nalanda University, which date back to the 5th century, will further transport you back in time and give you a glimpse of the old universities.
If you’re looking for a place to visit with a mix of both cultural and historical significance, Bihar has a wide variety of historical sites to choose from.
6. Culture & Traditions
Bihar’s culture and traditions are as varied as its population, which represents the state’s religious pluralism. In addition to Buddhist and Jain temples, the state has long been a center of Hinduism, attracting pilgrims and tourists alike. Bihar, which borders West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Nepal, has become a one-stop-shop for people from all walks of life.
Bihar celebrates its cultural richness through a variety of festivals, celebrations, and other special programs. Throughout the five-day-long Chhath Pooja to the Buddha Purnima and Mahamastakabhisheka Festival, Bihar is full of excitement. As the Ganga flows through the state, visitors will come to a variety of religious ghats packed with holy men and women every day.
Different pagodas, monasteries, and mosques in this state are a center of unique culture and history thanks to the rhythmic chants, the dramatic drum rolls, and the silent prayers. Bihar’s mornings begin with temple hymns, the middays are brightened by the sight of wandering monks, and the evenings are rounded out by the soothing tones of the Quran. Many people see culture and tradition as a “way of being,” but in Bihar, they see it as a “way of life.”
7. Heritage Walls
The various Heritage walks in Bihar are one of the many reasons why this state should be on your travel itinerary. Bihar, once known as “Patliputra,” is still home to a slew of historical sites and landmarks. The cities of Nalanda, Rajgir, Vaishali, and Vikramshila are all well-known tourist destinations that provide visitors with the opportunity to study their historic sites while strolling along their dramatic roads.
Since Nalanda is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited settlements, it is currently home to numerous ancient school and university ruins that are best explored on foot. Many historical artifacts like crafts and carvings, which were done without the aid of contemporary technology but which are more seamless in comparison, will be in your path.
We recommend a visit to Ashokan Pillar and other historic sites such as the Barabar Caves at Barabar, Nalanda University, the Mahabodhi Tree, and more. It is possible to see several ancient temples and heritage buildings that have stood the test of time in places like Bodhgaya and Vaishali.
It is possible to get a glimpse of the way the people of Bihar live by strolling around the historical and heritage landmarks of the state, which have been built over the course of centuries.
8. Art & Craft
In the fifth century BC, paintbrushes, pigmented colors, and even coloring boards didn’t exist in Bihar. The development of Art and Craft in Bihar can be traced back to this time period. Bihar’s crafts culture has grown significantly since it was the site of the country’s earliest paintings. There is a wide range of crafts being made here, from handicrafts to Madhubani Paintings to Block Paintings to Bawan Buty.
One of Mithila’s most well-known methods is “Madhubani Art,” which is a type of painting that originated in the city of Madhubani. Like mandalas, Madhubani Art focuses on making geometrical paintings without the use of any other criss-cross lines, just like mandalas. As a result of its use of natural color pigments and its creation without any technology, this art form has become popular with tourists.
Last but not least, there is a long history of the connection between Yoga and Bihar. Bihar’s yoga schools, some of which date back more than a century, have drawn throngs of tourists. Many consider this practice to be a science of the mind, body, and spirit that has been practiced for millennia and provides a sense of well-being for all three at the same time.
Yoga, often known as “Yog,” is the only health practice that has never been shown to be lethal to a living human, anywhere in the world. Sri Satyananda Sarasvati first felt a connection to this practice in Munger, Bihar, which is the center of Yoga in Bihar. He worked to raise human consciousness through various “Asanas.”
It’s currently possible for Yoga Lovers to connect with nature as well as their bodies at and around this particular site, where numerous yoga schools have opened in the past few years.